French adjectives: the basics to know before you start learning

Let us assume that you are about to say about a student in your classroom. So, you will say it as “he is a bright student” in English. In this sentence, the word student is the noun and the word bright is the adjective. As the word bright gives some information about the student, we are saying it as an adjective. Similarly, there will be adjectives in French. Although the meaning and purpose of the adjectives are the same, the usage method will be different in this European language. You should do something different from English to use adjectives in French. To understand this, you should go through the following basics of French.

French adjectives: the basics to know before you start learning

Placement of adjective

In French, most adjectives will find a place only after the noun and will not come before the noun as in the case of English. There will be few exceptions to this rule for words expressing beauty, goodness, and age.

“E” and “S” rule

French has an additional restriction for the use of adjectives that will require you to add “e”, “s”, or both at times to the adjective because of some factors. These factors are nothing but the gender of the noun and the size of the noun. As nouns could be persons or objects, you will mention them as either singular or plural.

Similarly, you may know that there are genders for ordinary words also. Depending on the gender and size of the noun, you will add the above two letters to the adjective. If the adjective is “bon”, you should write it as “bonne” for feminine singular and “bonnes” for feminine plural. In the case of the masculine noun, the singular adjective will be “bon” itself and the plural adjective will be “bons”.